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Beauty Tips from Africa
Sat Jul 18, 2009 2:02 pm by Flowers & Pearls
The continent of Africa is full of unique herbs that have properties useful for health and beauty remedies. Many beauty remedies based on indigenous African herbs have been passed down for hundreds …

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Folliculitis Keloidalis Nuchae (mostly common in men)
Sat Jul 18, 2009 2:01 pm by Flowers & Pearls
Folliculitis Keloidalis Nuchae

It is a chronic condition which involves scalp and the back of the neck. Folliculitis Keloidalis Nuchae generally occurs in African American men. People in the age …

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Make Your Own Hair Perfume
Sat Jul 18, 2009 1:50 pm by Flowers & Pearls
Want to turn a few more heads? Well, you could do that just with a whiff of air. It is the wonderful locks which fall over your shoulder that need some care. It barely takes a few minutes to prepare …

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UV hair protection. 101
Sat Jun 27, 2009 2:31 pm by Flowers & Pearls
Summer is coming guys so here's the perfect time to protect it from the sun rays (though you must do this always summer is the season when most needed).

UV And Hair

Hair offers a natural …

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what's your ulttimate hair goal?!
Tue May 12, 2009 10:01 pm by Admin
hi girls flower what's your ULTIMIMATE HAIR GOAL???

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Dandruff- What it is?,causes,cures
Fri Apr 24, 2009 6:33 pm by Flowers & Pearls
Dandruff or Pityriasis capitis refers to the extreme flaking of the dead skin which forms on the scalp. Although small amount of flaking is normal but when people start experiencing a large amount of …

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Learning about Scalp Folliculitis
Fri Apr 24, 2009 6:32 pm by Flowers & Pearls
Dandruff and acne are common culprits when it comes to scalp issues. While most of us usually only have to deal with a few flakes or an itch and a scratch, there is another condition that often goes …

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Hair Screening: What Toxins is your Body Storing in your Tresses?
Fri Apr 24, 2009 6:31 pm by Flowers & Pearls
Hair screening is definitely not new, but it is becoming increasingly popular as we combat the effects of aging and the environment. At-home testing kits are available and are widely accepted as a …

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Maintaining Healthy Scalp and Hair
Fri Apr 24, 2009 6:21 pm by Flowers & Pearls
Your hair is your crowning glory. You spend time and money making sure that you have a flattering style and color. But healthy hair can be more than a reflection of your sense of style and fashion. …

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 Dandruff- What it is?,causes,cures

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Flowers & Pearls

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Join date : 2008-08-21

PostSubject: Dandruff- What it is?,causes,cures   Fri Apr 24, 2009 6:33 pm

Dandruff or Pityriasis capitis refers to the extreme flaking of the dead skin which forms on the scalp. Although small amount of flaking is normal but when people start experiencing a large amount of flaking, the person is said to be suffering from dandruff. It might also be accompanied by redness and irritation. A number of the cases can be cured with a specialized shampoo or a common household remedy. Dandruff could also be a sign of seborrheic dermatitis, fungal infection, psoriasis or head lice. One should avoid excessive scratching of head during dandruff. If one scratches beyond a point which causes the skin to break, there are chances of contracting infection from staph and strep bacteria. Dandruff can spread through the common use of combs, hairbrushes, towels and soaps.

There are two kinds of dandruff:

Dry dandruff

It is characterized by itchy scalp and small white scales are usually attached to the scalp or are loosely scattered in the hair.

Waxy dandruff

It occurs when the scaliness of the epidermis mixes with sebum which results in it sticking to the scalp in patches.


The symptoms of dandruff are that whenever the hair is brushed or rubbed the scaliness increases. It might also appear as lumps or crusts on the scalp. One can experience itching on the scalp and the skin turns red due to excessive scratching.


Dandruff is caused by fungus Malassezia furfur. The fungus can be found on the skin of those people who have dandruff as well as healthy people. This fungus has an affinity for fat and is found mostly on skin areas with many sebaceous glands. For example- face, scalp and upper part of the body. Whenever this fungus grows rapidly, it disturbs the natural renewal of cells and dandruff appears with itching.

Other causes of dandruff are:

Deficiency of zinc


Oily scalp

Dry and cold weather

High use of alkaline soaps and shampoos

Food allergies

Exposure to dust


One can reduce the appearance of flakes by undertaking proper hair care. Washing hair regularly removes the dead skin before it builds up into noticeable flakes. Making use of acid based shampoos helps in restoring acidity to the scalp, breaks down oils and prevents dead cells fro collecting into visible clumps. There are a number of brands of shampoo available in the market for people suffering from dandruff. These shampoos consist of fungicides that kill the Malassezia furfur fungus or acids which break down the oils on the scalp which cause visible clumping of dead skin flakes.

One can also undertake household remedies such as lemon, apple cider vinegar or salt juice. They can be applied on the scalp and rinsed of with shampoo after some time. Severe forms of dandruff requires treatment by a dermatologist.
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